Americans refer to the woven fabric as a plaid but it is a tartan. In Scottish or Irish terms plaid refers to a flat tartan fabric that is used as a blanket or as they call it a rug. The kilt was worn as a garment by day and used as a blanket by night.
Spools of thread for warping the loom to weave a tartan
Look at how fast that shuttle goes back and forth.All those beautiful tartans
And the price.....add 60% for American dollars. I didn't buy any. It takes almost 8 yards to make a kilt and they are completely hand sewn. Military kilts are pleated so it looks like all horizontal stripes on the back. Kilts for everyone else are pleated in pattern so the tartan is the same in the pleated area as the flat fabric. All the pleats are hand measured, basted, pressed and sewn and pressed some more. The Highland House of Fraser had wonderful exhibit of kilts and a workshop where kilts were being sewn but no flash photography so no pics. There was a kilt on the display table that was pleated so the vertical pleats were dominate on the back very sharp looking. Pleated in pattern below
The 12th of July Parade at Kesh Northern Ireland. The pouch worn in front is called a sporran, these are made of horse hair for festival dress. They are also made out of leather or fur with shiny hardware.
Don't they look grand! Still wondering what is worn underneath--Ann--